Since Creation of CHIP, the Number of Uninsured Low-Income Children Has Dropped by About 33%
Joint Economic Committee Paper Proves CHIP Makes Economic Sense
As the Senate prepares to reauthorize the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), Senator Charles E. Schumer, Chairman of the Joint Economic Committee and a member of the Senate Finance Committee, released a new fact sheet highlighting the benefits of reauthorizing and expanding CHIP. According to the fact sheet, entitled “CHIP Makes Economic Sense,” CHIP has dramatically reduced the number of uninsured children since its creation in 1997. Over one million children currently covered by the program stand to lose coverage under the President’s reauthorization proposal, as states would face a total federal funding shortfall of as much as $7.6 billion over the next five years.
“With skyrocketing private health insurance premiums and ever increasing costs, CHIP has been a lifeline for families struggling to provide health care for their kids,” Schumer said. “CHIP has proven cost-effective and successful, and it is a moral imperative to extend its benefits to those who work hard but still cannot afford health insurance for their kids. There are nine million reasons that we must act now – nine million American children are still uninsured.”
The full JEC fact sheet is available at According to it, CHIP currently provides health insurance coverage to 6.7 million children. Since its creation in 1997, CHIP has helped reduce the uninsured rate of low-income children by about one-third from 22% to 15%. Despite CHIP’s success in reducing the numbers of uninsured, about nine million children still lack health care coverage. Nearly two out of every three uninsured children live with adults who earn a modest income and work full time.
Fully funding CHIP and expanding its coverage to the 5.5 million children who qualify for the program but are not enrolled and to all children of parents making less than 300% of the poverty level (up from 200% in the current program), is a sound public investment. As highlighted in the JEC fact sheet, individuals without health insurance and access to preventative care tend to have higher rates of serious health problems and more frequently use the more expensive services of emergency rooms and acute care. Research demonstrates that low-income children who have health insurance are more likely to have regular well-child and dental visits and have fewer unaddressed medical needs compared with their uninsured counterparts.
Beyond the direct economic impact of higher health care expenditures resulting from acute and emergency room care, parents of children with serious health problems may be more likely to miss work, lose income, and have lower productivity compared with parents of healthy children. Children with health insurance are more likely to enter adulthood with greater employment and earnings potential, because children in poor health are more likely to miss school and fall behind academically, thus generating lower tax revenues later in life while having greater dependence on public assistance.
Economists generally agree that CHIP is a cost effective way to expand health insurance coverage. Expanding public insurance leads to some decline in private coverage, either through employers cutting back their coverage or through employees newly eligible for publicly-funded coverage declining employer-based coverage. Leading health economist Jonathan Gruber noted that any “crowd-out” effect of public insurance expansions is likely lower when only certain family members, for example children qualifying for CHIP, are covered by the expansion. Further, Gruber concludes the most cost-effective method of expanding health insurance coverage remains expanding public insurance programs like CHIP.
The current CHIP authorization expires on September 30, 2007. The reauthorization bill pending in the Senate Finance Committee would raise the federal excise tax on cigarettes by 61 cents (to $1 a pack) in order to pay for a $35 billion expansion of CHIP over five years, covering an additional 3.3 million children. President Bush has proposed a $5 billion increase in federal funding for CHIP over five years, which according to the Congressional Budget Office would not be enough to continue to cover the children currently enrolled in the program.
The Joint Economic Committee, established under the Employment Act of 1946, was created by Congress to review economic conditions and to analyze the effectiveness of economic policy.
Fed’s New Pilot Program to Rein in Subprime Loan Broker May Not Be Enough; Tougher Federal Laws Needed to Hold Mortgage Broker Accountable
With New Permits Way Down, JEC Chair Call to Stem Tide of Foreclosures With Foreclosure Prevention Funding for Families on Brink of Losing Their Homes
Today, the U.S. Department of Commerce announced that June home building permit applications dropped far below expectations to the lowest rate in the last decade, down 7.5 percent to 1.406 million units, just slightly higher than the 1.402 million unit rate of June 1997. U.S. Senator Charles E Schumer (D-NY), the chairman of the Joint Economic Committee (JEC), released a report showing that rising subprime mortgage foreclosures could lead to further weakening of the housing market as more supply is dumped onto the market. In response to today’s disappointing housing numbers, Sen. Schumer reiterated his support to help existing homeowners by stemming the tide of avoidable subprime foreclosures.
“The hits just keep on coming for the U.S. housing market. Today’s data that new house building permits are way down together with repeated reports that foreclosures are way up indicates two things to me. First, the foreclosure storm is brewing and we have not seen the worst of it yet; and second, we have to do something to hold mortgage brokers accountable for bad loans and we must increase resources for foreclosure prevention.”

Permits Down and Little New Construction of Single Family Homes:
New construction of privately owned housing rose by 2.3 percent in June to 1.467 million units at an annual rate. Even so, housing starts remain weak, down 19.4 percent over the last 12 months. Moreover, the June rise in total housing units started was concentrated in multi-family housing – new construction of single-family homes fell by 0.2 percent last month.
More ominous was the 7.5 percent plunge in permits to build new homes. That was the largest monthly decline since January 1995. Permits are now 25.2 percent below their level a year ago, reflecting continued pessimism among builders over the near-term outlook for new homebuilding.
Foreclosure Market Crisis and Fed’s Pilot Program:
Weakness in the housing market is largely fueled by the avalanche of mortgage foreclosures resulting from the irresponsible underwriting and deceptive lending practices in the subprime mortgage market. Foreclosures continue to rise across the nation as more and more homeowners’ loans reset to sharply higher rates. The Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) reported that first quarter foreclosure inventory rates for subprime loans rose from 4.53 percent to 5.10 percent, or that the 2.2 million households in the subprime market that could fall victim to foreclosure over the next several years could lose as much as $164 billion, primarily in lost home equity.
To address the crisis, the Federal Reverse announced yesterday its plan to create a pilot program, joining the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve with the Office of Thrift Supervision and the American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators to conduct targeted consumer-protection compliance reviews of underwriting standards, oversight, and risk-management practice within non-depository lenders with significant subprime mortgage operations.
“While I welcome the Fed’s new pilot program to monitor independent subprime brokers, I don’t think consumers will be truly safe from irresponsible and deceptive lending practices until we enact tougher federal laws to prevent this mess from happening again,” Schumer said. “Sustainable home ownership is essential to the strength and stability of our nation’s economy. As indications of the weakness in housing markets continue to mount there is an urgent need for better protections for existing and aspiring homeowners”
Schumer Two Proposal:
Sen. Schumer has a two-step plan to address the subprime mortgage crisis. Schumer has fought for $300 million in proposed federal funds targeted to community foreclosure prevention specialists, and separate legislation to upgrade standards that mortgage brokers and originators must abide by when making new loans to borrowers. The full Senate Appropriations Committee has approved $100 million for HUD Housing Counseling programs in the Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies FY08 Appropriations Bill. With these funds, non-profit agencies will be able to provide individual counseling by working one-on-one with borrowers who are in unaffordable subprime loans. This money will help stem the tide of foreclosures that are prolonging the slump in the housing market and dashing the American Dream of homeownership for too many families.
The Joint Economic Committee, established under the Employment Act of 1946, was created by Congress to review economic conditions and to analyze the effectiveness of economic policy.
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Today, Sen. Charles E. Schumer (D-NY), Chairman of the Joint Economic Committee, and a member of the Senate Finance Committee, reacted to an announcement from the U.S. Trade Representative that the United States has requested the World Trade Organization to establish a dispute settlement panel to investigate possible Chinese violations of WTO rules. Specifically at issue are trade-distorting subsidy programs that favor the use of domestic products over imported products or encourage exports. China agreed to abide by the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures in December 2001 (when it joined the WTO), which prohibits such subsidies.
"I'm encouraged to see that the administration is moving beyond talk and into action with their request for WTO dispute settlement panel review of China's prohibited subsidies; but we must make sure the administration follows through by applying constant pressure to this process. China has gotten away with far too much, for far too long, and we can't afford to miss any opportunities to even the playing field."
Below is the statement from the USTR:
UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE                             
Washington, D.C., 20508
For Immediate Release:
July 12, 2007
United States Requests WTO Panel in Challenge to China's Prohibited
Washington, DC - The Office of the United States Representative announced today that the United States has requested the World Trade Organization (WTO) to establish a dispute settlement panel regarding subsidies provided by China that appear to be prohibited by WTO rules.
“Although our two rounds of WTO consultations with China have been constructive, they have not resolved our concerns about China’s apparent use of trade-distorting subsidies that it pledged to eliminate upon joining the World Trade Organization,” said USTR Spokesman Sean Spicer.
“China has taken a positive step by repealing one of the subsidy programs we challenged, but much more needs to be done. We continue to prefer a negotiated settlement to this dispute, but without assurance of complete corrective action by China, we must continue to pursue the WTO process to enforce our rights.”
The U.S. request for a WTO dispute settlement panel challenges several subsidy programs maintained by China that the United States believes are prohibited by WTO rules. Subsidies conditioned either on a firm's use of domestic over imported products or on exports are prohibited by the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures. They also are inconsistent with other WTO obligations, including specific commitments undertaken by China as part of its WTO accession agreement to eliminate such subsidies before it joined the WTO on December 11, 2001.
The United States and Mexico requested WTO consultations with China over these subsidies in February and then filed supplemental consultation requests in April after China eliminated one subsidy and passed a revised income tax law with new provisions that appear to provide for prohibited subsidies. While consultations have been productive and useful, China has not to date been able to assure the United States and Mexico that it will promptly eliminate all of the subsidy programs that remain of concern.
Mexico plans to join with the United States and file its own request for the establishment of a WTO panel today.
The United States initiated the dispute over China's prohibited subsidies by requesting consultations with China on February 2, 2007. Mexico requested consultations with China on the same measures on February 26, 2007. Shortly before joint consultations were held on March 20, 2007, China eliminated one of the subsidy programs challenged by the United States and Mexico, but also adopted a new income tax law providing additional tax breaks for qualifying firms. In order to clarify whether these new tax breaks constituted new prohibited subsidies, the United States and Mexico requested supplemental consultations with China, which were held jointly on June 22, 2007.
Under WTO rules, the WTO Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) will consider the United States' request for the establishment of a panel at its next meeting on July 24, 2007. In addition to allegations under the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures and China's Protocol of Accession, the United States' complaint also alleges violations of the 1994 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures.
 This is the second dispute against China for which the United States has requested a WTO dispute settlement panel. The United States, together with Canada and the European Communities, requested a panel in September 2006 to examine China's regulations imposing local content requirements in the auto sector through discriminatory charges on imported auto parts. Panel proceedings in that dispute are underway.
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Today the Bush Administration announced that the projected budget deficit is $205 billion, slightly less than last year’s $248 billion budget shortfall.  U.S. Sen. Charles E. Schumer, the Chairman of the Joint Economic Committee, reacted to the administration’s forecast in light of the $5.6 trillion projected surplus President Bush inherited.
"The bottom line is that President Bush has pushed deficits and deficit spending to the max in the first seven years of his Administration.  Today's announcement is not proof that the Bush budget deficit is under control, in fact, it is proof-positive that it could not get any worse.  Having inherited budget surpluses in January 2001, this Administration will leave Americans trillions in debt by January 2009.”
  The Joint Economic Committee, established under the Employment Act of 1946, was created by Congress to review economic conditions and to analyze the effectiveness of economic policy.
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Today, U.S. Sen. Charles E. Schumer, the Chairman of the Joint Economic Committee and a member of the Senate Finance Committee, reacted to the increasing record Chinese trade surplus, nearly $27 billion for the month of June alone.
"Our eye-popping record trade deficit with China continues to frustrate those of us that are working to hold the Chinese government accountable, both for its misaligned currency and its faulty products and tainted foods. It is bad enough that we have a record trade deficit with China – it is even worse that there is a dangerous quality deficit threatening the safety and health of American consumers.”
In light of a rising tide of hazardous imports from China in recent weeks, Sen. Schumer has called for an “Import Czar” to oversee all matters pertaining to consumer protection from Chinese imports, including coordinating the efforts of more than a half dozen agencies currently charged with consumer safety related to imports.
Schumer, joined by Senators Max Baucus, Chuck Grassley, and Lindsey Graham, authored legislation that would force the Treasury Department to take action against countries that misalign their currencies, which would result in punitive action against China if Beijing continues to slow-walk the revaluation of the Yuan.
The Joint Economic Committee, established under the Employment Act of 1946, was created by Congress to review economic conditions and to analyze the effectiveness of economic policy.
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U.S. Sen. Charles E. Schumer, the Chairman of the Joint Economic Committee and a member of the Senate Finance Committee, released the following statement in response to China's execution of its chief food and drug minister, Zheng Xiaoyu, who was found guilty of being bribed to approve untested, dangerous medicines:
"If China thinks that its issues with food and product safety are going to be fixed with these types of executions, it shows how much they just don’t get it. China’s surreal response to a very real problem demonstrates just how far it has to go before the U.S. can trust Chinese imports. It is increased oversight and serious inspections that will move us in the right direction."
Sen. Schumer has called for an “Import Czar” to oversee all matters pertaining to consumer protection from Chinese imports, including coordinating the efforts of more than a half dozen agencies currently charged with consumer safety related to imports.
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Joint Economic Committee Report Shows Improving Efficiency Could Save the Average Family an Estimated $750 a Year in Household Energy Costs and $875 a Year on Gasoline Costs
Increased Efficiency Would Also Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions and U.S. Dependence on Foreign Sources of Energy
Washington, DC: Today, the Senate Democratic leadership team released a report highlighting the energy savings potential for American families that embrace energy efficiency.  Senators Harry Reid (NV), Chuck Schumer (NY), Dick Durbin (IL), and Patty Murray (WA) of the Senate leadership will be joined by Senators Bob Casey (PA) and Amy Klobuchar (MN).   The Joint Economic Committee (JEC) report entitled, “Energy Efficiency Is a Bright Idea,” shows that families that take advantage of energy efficient practices, appliances and vehicles could save an estimated $1,600 each year in energy costs, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions, pollution, and our nation’s dependence on foreign sources of energy.  As the energy bill is debated on the Senate floor, Schumer, who chairs the JEC, initiated the report to shed light on the benefits of increasing energy and fuel efficiency to American families and the environment. 
Reid stated, “This report shows clearly the benefits of energy efficiency for all Americans, including savings every year in household energy and gasoline costs. Democrats are moving forward with energy legislation that will lower energy costs, strengthen our national security by reducing our dependence on oil and protect our environment by reducing global-warming emissions. Unfortunately, while Democrats fight for national and economic security, this Administration continues to be more interested in giving tax breaks to oil and gas companies even as prices have doubled and oil company profits have soared.”
Schumer said, “You don’t have to be Thomas Edison to know that better energy efficiency is a win-win-win for American families.   Families will save up to $1,600 on their annual energy costs, reduce U.S. dependence on foreign energy sources, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions that harm our environment.”
“A responsible national energy strategy must ensure that we do three things -- reduce our dependence on foreign oil and non-renewable resources; turn toward more environmentally responsible energy options and provide more efficiency so that American consumers and their families save money,” Durbin said.
“This report shows that the average American consumer will pay lower household energy costs and contribute less pollution and greenhouse gases by being informed and taking simple steps to conserve energy around their homes.  Reducing energy costs while ensuring that our children and grandchildren having clean air—now that’s a good deal,” Murray said.
Casey said, “Energy efficiency is the gift that keeps on giving – to consumers through annual cost savings, to the environment because of reduced emissions, and to our security by lowering our dependence on foreign oil.”
Klobuchar said, “Today we’re pushing for lights out on old, outdated, and wasteful energy products. Energy efficient technologies will lead the way to the future.  They save consumers money, help the environment, and create competition to develop the best possible products.”
The Joint Economic Committee report ( estimates that the average energy-efficient household spends approximately 40 percent less on the energy it uses than the average household that is not energy efficient.  Using data from the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), a leading provider of energy efficiency data and analysis, the report highlights significant savings from using more efficient heating and cooling systems, ENERGY STAR household appliances, lighting, and fuel-efficient vehicles. 
Reducing household energy consumption also results in a decrease in emissions and reduces U.S. dependence on foreign oil. The Department of Energy estimates that the average American home emits twice as many greenhouses gases as the average car, and heating and cooling homes alone emits 150 million tons of carbon dioxide each year. According to ACEEE, energy efficient households can emit nearly 9,000 fewer pounds of CO2 into the air each year.
Household Energy Costs Reduced with Efficiency Increases:
The average family spends nearly $1,900 each year on utility bills and this number will only increase as energy prices rise.  According to the U.S. Department of Energy, total residential spending on energy in 2005 was approximately $215 billion.  Some examples of how energy efficient households can cut their energy costs are highlighted below:
  • Heating and CoolingHome heating currently accounts for approximately 30 percent, or about $610, of the average household’s energy costs ($270 for cooling costs). Improving efficiency in heating and cooling can save families over $500 a year in utility costs.
  • Home Appliances account for about 30 percent of total household energy use, which currently amounts to approximately $550 per year.  A refrigerator bought in the 1970s uses 75% more energy than those on the market today; families could save about $100 a year on electricity by switching to an ENERGY STAR refrigerator and washing machine.
  • Lighting currently accounts for about 5 to 10 percent of total energy use in the average American household, or $50 to $150 in electricity costs per year.  Replacing just five 60-watt incandescent light bulbs with 13-watt ENERGY STAR compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) can save households about $30 a year in lighting expenses, assuming the lights are in use for four hours a day.
Gasoline Costs Reduced with Fuel-Efficient Vehicles:
Transportation is the single largest sector of consumer spending on energy, representing $475 billion in total spending in 2005 and represents 68 percent of our nation’s oil usage. 
A household that operates vehicles with an average fuel efficiency of 35.0 miles per gallon (mpg) can expect to spend 27 percent less on fuel than a household that operates vehicles with an average fuel efficiency of the U.S. fleet average of 25.4 mpg.  Using the Department of Energy’s gas price forecast, the average family with two vehicles driving each 14,600 miles per year a family will spend around $3,200 this year on gasoline if they drive vehicles with the fleet average of 25.4 mpg.  But a family that drives just as much, but with more efficient 35.0 mpg vehicles, would spend approximately $880 less on gasoline. 
The Joint Economic Committee, established under the Employment Act of 1946, was created by Congress to review economic conditions and to analyze the effectiveness of economic policy.
For the full report, please go to
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GAO Report Released at JEC Hearing Shows U.S. Lags Far behind Other Industrial Nations in Supporting Working Families
Maloney, Dingell, Schumer, Reed Urged GAO to Examine Child Care, Family Leave, and Flex Time Programs in U.S. and Around the World
Washington, DC- The United States lags behind other industrialized nations in supporting working families, witnesses told Congresswoman Carolyn B. Maloney (D-NY), Vice-Chair of the Joint Economic Committee (JEC), today during a hearing, “Importing Success: Why Work-Family Policies from Abroad Make Economic Sense for the U.S.” The report by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) was requested jointly by Maloney, Jon Dingell (D-MI), Chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-NY), Chairman of the Joint Economic Committee, and Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI).
Maloney convened the hearing to examine the need for family-friendly work policies, such as paid family leave time, increased access to quality child care, and flexible work schedules. Stronger work-family policies in other developed countries allow more women to work, enhance employers’ profitability, and improve overall economic productivity. Family-friendly work policies also help employers recruit and retain workers, significantly reducing the costs of employee turnover and retraining.
“The U.S. is failing its working families. American parents work longer hours and get less time off than parents in other countries,” said Maloney. “Balanced work-family policies are a win-win – the help create stable families, a productive workforce, and positive economic outcomes.”
Sen. Schumer said, “If we’re going to continue to lead the world in trade and economic policies, we need to revamp sub par work-family programs here at home. The GAO report reveals a tough road for many families to balance work and family life, yet we know the right work-family balance is critical for families and the U.S. economy to protect our economic leadership.”
“The GAO findings show that the U.S. is behind many other countries in public and corporate policy that fosters a productive work-family relationship,” Rep. Dingell said. “Indeed, policies that balance work and family life will help our overall economy to produce workers that are compensated well, lead healthy lifestyles, and enjoy the work they do. I hope that these findings will encourage U.S. businesses, and the Congress, to create policies with our working families in mind.”
At today’s hearing, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) presented findings from a new report on policies used abroad to help workers – especially women – balance the competing demands of employment and care-giving responsibilities. While American families often send both parents to work and spend more time at work than parents in other countries, the U.S. lags far behind other countries in providing paid leave or flexible schedules for care-giving responsibilities.
Expert witnesses at today’s hearing included:
  • Kay Brown, Acting Director of Education, Workforce, and Income Security, GAO
  • Janet Gornick, Professor of Political Science, Baruch College, City University of New York, Director of the Luxembourg Income Study, and the co-author of Families That Work
  • Ellen Bravo, Coordinator, the Multi-State Working Families Consortium, former Director of 9to5, and the author of Taking on the Big Boys
  • Laura Wallace, Director of the Work Life Program, Statistical Analysis Software Co.
  • Tim Kane, Director, Center for International Trade and Economics, Heritage Foundation
“Parents in all countries face competing demands on their time. But American families struggle more than families elsewhere – in part because American public policy offers less help to them than what’s available for working families in many other countries,” Gornick testified. “We’d do well to draw some lessons from the collective experience of many of our neighbors across the Atlantic.”
“Our bottom line savings from investing in our people has been estimated to be $75 million annually. In turn, those savings help improve our profitability as a company. Just as important, people represent the company’s principal and certainly most important ‘asset,’” Wallace said. 
 “We hear a lot of talk about family values and personal responsibility. And yet, in the United States today, being a good family member can put you job or your health
at risk,” said Bravo. “Employers can do a lot by implementing effective practices, many of which cost little or nothing and all of which strengthen the bottom line.”
The Joint Economic Committee, established under the Employment Act of 1946, was created by Congress to review economic conditions and to analyze the effectiveness of economic policy.
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In Separate Speeches, Fed Chair Bernanke and Housing Secretary Jackson Give Support for Counseling as a Way Out of Subprime Foreclosure Crisis
Schumer Called for $300 Million in Increased Federal Funding for HUD to Distribute to Community Groups to Bolster Counseling for Families to Aver Home Foreclosures
Washington, DC – Today the Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, Ben Bernanke, endorsed the basis of a proposal made by U.S. Senator Charles E. Schumer (D-NY), the chairman of the Senate Housing Subcommittee and chairman of the Joint Economic Committee (JEC), to increase federal funds for community non-profits engaged in helping families in unsuitable subprime loans avoid losing their home to foreclosure. Yesterday, Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Secretary Alfonso Jackson made similarly supportive statements at a speech at the National Press Club.
Sen. Schumer said, “It is good news for homeowners and the economy that they momentum is building to boost federal funds for community groups that specialize in foreclosure prevention. In the last 24 hours, Chairman Bernanke and Secretary Jackson have given support to a proposal I made weeks ago to avert the subprime foreclosure crisis. This policy will help hundreds of thousands of families save their homes, and save billions in spillover costs from a surge in foreclosures. This seems like a cost-effective investment to me, and one that will help restore confidence in our shaky housing market. And to ensure that we don’t get into this mess again, I urge Chairman Bernanke and Secretary Jackson to join me in sealing the cracks in our regulatory system to prevent future widespread lending abuses.”
Chairman Bernanke gave his remarks via satellite on housing and subprime lending this morning to the International Monetary Conference in Capetown, South Africa. He endorsed housing and counseling as an effective tool for current and future homeowners. And Yesterday, Housing and Urban Development Secretary Alfonso Jackson in a speech to the National Press Club similarly endorsed non-profit counseling programs and additional federal funding for foreclosure prevention and counseling to help stem the tide of foreclosures in the subprime housing market.  
To enable community non-profits to successfully accommodate increasing caseloads, Schumer and other are proposing that Congress appropriate $300 million to provide to assist HUD-certified nonprofit organizations, with proven track records, in foreclosure prevention and intervention. Additional funding will allow non-profits to increase training and capacity to focus on default and foreclosure prevention counseling, to outreach to homeowners for early intervention, to improve the communications between refinances. The fund will be administered by HUD.
Bernanke’s relevant remarks are below:
“Whatever their effects on the broader economy, the problems in the subprime sector are causing real distress for many homeowners. To help mitigate the situation, the Federal Resere and other federal supervisory agencies are encouraging the banks and thrift institutions that we supervise to work with the borrowers who may be having trouble meeting their mortgage obligations, including identifying and contacting borrowers before they enter delinquency or foreclosure. Federal Reserve Banks around the country are cooperating with community and industry groups that work with borrowers and affected communities. We also continue to work with organizations that provide counseling about mortgage products to current and potential; homeowners. Studies suggest that counseling can be effective in helping borrowers make better financial decisions.
“In addition, we at the Federal Reserve, other regulators, and the Congress are evaluating what actions may be needed to prevent a recurrence of these problems. In deciding, we must walk a fine line: We have an obligation to prevent fraud and abusive lending; at the same time, we must tread carefully so as no to suppress responsible lending or eliminate refinancing opportunities for subprime borrowers.”
Jackson’s relevant remarks from yesterday are below:  
“...We also learned that while most people facing foreclosure are afraid of the banks, they are much more open to talking to a local non-profit counseling agency about their problems.”
“That’s why housing, counseling, and financing education are so important. This Administration has increased the budget for counseling over 200 percent, with the President requesting another increase, to $50 million, in the coming fiscal year.”
After a Joint Economic Committee report “Sheltering Neighborhoods from the Subprime Foreclosure Storm,” which found that a rise in subprime delinquencies in the early months of 2007 indicate more foreclosure trouble to come, Schumer made a proposal for $300 million in new federal funds to be directed to community non-profit groups via the Department of Housing and Urban Development to boost refinancing programs to help homeowners to avoid foreclosures.
Over the next two years, nearly 2 million homeowners with adjustable-rate mortgages will experience payment shocks as their loans reset in a weakening housing market, a harbinger of more foreclosures to come. Acting to prevent these foreclosures is not only important from the perspective of protecting entire communities, but it also makes good economic sense. Foreclosures can cost up to $80,000 for all stakeholders – homeowners, neighbors, cities and local governments, lenders, and loan services. Meanwhile, estimates suggest that foreclosure prevention counseling can cost as little as $1,000 per household. To be successful, these programs require one-on-one counseling with the homeowner and negotiations with a variety of stakeholders – making them very resource-intensive. The rising wave of subprime foreclosures has caused existing programs to become overwhelmed by requests for assistance, and they are struggling to give homeowners in trouble the assistance they require in order to successfully workout a suitable payment plan with the lenders.
The Joint Economic Committee, established under the Employment Act of 1946, was created by Congress to review economic conditions and to analyze the effectiveness of economic policy.
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